Copy and paste the author's exact words, or embed an image or video.
Select one chunk of text with an idea or evidence you want to use. Copy and paste it into the "Direct Quotation" field.
Tip 1: Keep chunks of text short
If you expect to quote the author exactly, include the text around it to give you context. This will also help you analyze the quote in the next field.
Limit each notecard to a single topic or idea, to make outlining easier.
Tip 2: Choose a strategy for capturing text
Option 1: Only fill in the "Direct Quotation" fields initially You'll complete notetaking from a source quickly. You'll probably discard some of these rough-draft notes as irrelevant when you refine your topic.
Option 2: Complete all three fields as you create each notecard You'll learn about your topic as you go. More notes will be relevant and useful when you're done.
Tip 3: Getting the most from the "Direct Quotation" field
Reread the author's words several times. Rereading helps you understand information more deeply.
Annotate the author's words in ways that help you. Highlight an important phrase, color-code pro and con evidence, or bold a word you need look up. Marking-up text helps you analyze the information.
New leads. Sometimes the text will mention another source. Copy that immediately into the "My Ideas" field so you can follow up.
Once you complete the "Direct Quotation" field and annotate it (see "What should I enter in the "Direct Quotation" field on a notecard?"), you are ready to explain it to yourself. You can choose to summarize, paraphrase, analyze a quote or make a bulleted list of points. Your teacher may also provide specific instructions that will appear in the "Paraphrase or Summary" field before you start typing.
Option 1: Write a summary.
A summary concisely restates important ideas and crucial details in language you understand.
Summarizing boosts understanding. When a passage doesn't make sense, you tend to patchwrite because you can't explain it. Summaries help you weave authors' ideas together and find points of contrast in words you understand.
Notecards that contain a single idea are easier to use in an outline. So, if you find more than one main point in a notecard, split them into two notecards.
Step 1: Read closely, then write.
Step 2: Tighten your writing. Quote when necessary.
Option 1: Write a paraphrase.
A paraphrase mirrors the author's ideas, reasoning, opinions and feelings — as well as the logical structure of the writing. Choose to paraphrase when:
To paraphrase, rephrase the author's ideas, evidence and logic. Think of it as your explanation to a friend who has not read the passage.
Step 1: Read closely until the meaning is clear, then write.
Step 2: Expand your explanation.
Step 3: Identify the author's feelings, beliefs or opinions. (If the passage sounds neutral and objective like an encyclopedia or dictionary, you may not find evidence of a point of view.) Look for:
Tip: If ideas, questions or comments occur to you, jot notes into the "My ideas" field.
Option 3: Write an analysis of a literary quote.
When you discuss a novel, poem or play, you will include:
To write an analysis of a quote from a literary work:
Step 1: Confirm the value and relevance to your analysis.
Step 2: Blend your analysis with quoted evidence using one of these structures:
Option 4: Extract data, respond to visuals, etc.
Sometimes the Direct Quotation field has:
Use the Paraphrase / Summary field to:
"My ideas" is a thinking space. You've understood the author's words, now interact with them. Push back, question, reflect and predict. Here's where you build “voice” and motivation. Personalize the information and work towards creative synthesis.
Tip 1: Think broadly.
Tip 2: Think closely.
Tip: 3: Think strategically.