When you're just beginning your research it can help to find some background information on your topic. See the box to the right for questions you must consider at this stage. On pages in this section you can learn where you should search when you need to:
Look below for information and a video on:
Wikipedia - what's good and what's bad!
Cautions from IB on Using Free Online Encyclopedias (such as Wikipedia)
Wikipedia is a very popular encyclopedia; it is a free, web-based, collaborative, multilingual encyclopedia project. Anyone can edit virtually any of the entries so the information in Wikipedia should be treated with caution and must always be checked for accuracy. There are some things to keep in mind when using Wikipedia.
On the positive side: Wikipedia can be useful for background information (which you must check in an authoritative source) and entries frequently include a bibliography which will often lead to further useful information sources.
The number of pages keeps growing, and the group of volunteer editors and monitors keeps shrinking, so it gets increasingly difficult for Wikipedia to make sure all content is accurate and error-free. The number of hoaxes posing as factual Wikipedia articles keeps increasing.
Watch this video to get some tips on how to analyze articles in Wikipedia for their credibility.
Source: ©2014 HistoryPeeps
Dewey, Caitlin. "The Story Behind Jar’Edo Wens, the Longest-running Hoax in
As a tool for research, free online encyclopedias, such as Wikipedia, can be valuable resources, but there are several reasons why students should be cautious in using them:
A bibliography that only cites these for reference or an argument that is overly reliant on them will not demonstrate the necessary “range of sources” required by the assessment criteria for the extended essay. They may also not be relevant or appropriate for the research question being explored. Many online encyclopedias are not scholarly sources; however, if used appropriately and critically they can offer a useful starting point for many students undertaking research.
If you are using free online encyclopedias, you should do the following.
The key point to remember is if you do use information that is found on the Internet, you are responsible for ensuring that it is both reliable and accurate. You can produce an annotated bibliography as a way to explain to your supervisor about the quality of your sources. An annotated bibliography provides a concise summary of each source and some assessment of its value and relevance.
Adapted from "The research and writing process; Academic honesty, Using online encyclopedias and other similar information websites", from Extended Essay Guide, International Baccalaureate Organization, 2016.
After you decide on a topic of interest you should undertake some preliminary general reading around the issue. Questions you must consider at this stage are:
Find books, digital resources (ebooks), WebPath Express websites, and Open Educational Resources (OER).