If you are undertaking an EE in any subject you are required to complete some secondary research. The purpose of secondary research is to:
On this page find information on:
How to ... Check Reliability of Secondary Sources
How to ... Annotate, Take Notes, Bookmark
How to ... Evaluate Internet Sources
How Can I Tell If a Source is Scholarly?
and these videos:
How to Conduct Effective Research & Organize Your Research With Diigo
It is important that you consult relevant and reliable sources in your research. You need to evaluate all the sources that you use for your secondary research.
The question usually emerges about the reliability of wikis, online encyclopedias and other similar information sites. (See: Advice from the IB on Evaluating Sources (Online, Print, and Multimedia). These kinds of sources may be useful in the initial stages of research to gain an overview of a topic. However, an over-reliance on them should be avoided.
See also: Cautions from IB on Using Free Online Encyclopedias (such as Wikipedia).
You will want to take detailed notes from all the sources you use. Your RRS (Research's Reflective Space) may be a good way for you to collate all of your information in one place.
Annotating is an excellent skill for making critical commentary or explanatory notes on a piece of text, image or table, for example. Get creative! Use different colors to code different parts of a text, underline or circle important parts, pose questions or simply express a reaction to what you are reading.
Bookmark online sources either by using the bookmarking feature in a browser or an online social bookmarking tool such as FavoritUs (http://www.favoritus.com/). You can select tags so that you can easily find useful articles and resources again.
Likewise, you can copy text and images from online sources into a word processor program and annotate them, or annotate them online using available tools, such as Diigo. Check out the videos below - they show both approaches.
And don't forget - make sure to create citations in NoodleTools for all of your sources! Using NoodleTools will ensure that you are meeting the minimum requirements of the IB as outlined both in the Extended essay guide and the IB's Effective citing and referencing document.
This video contains 4 lessons (approx. 2 minutes each) that provide students with a formal process for conducting, documenting, and analyzing the quality of information they have researched. It also provides teachers with a quick, easy-to-use rubric for assessing their students' research and their critical thinking skills. Chapters include 1-Scholarly vs Non-scholarly Sources, 2-Documenting Research (copying articles into single Word file), 3-Highlighting Important Passages & Commenting, 4-Assessment.
Education tutorials. How to conduct effective research: A key process for students in writing. 16 February 2011. YouTube, https://youtu.be/HBSxK7sUTIo. Accessed January 2017.
An introduction to Diigo, the powerful social bookmarking tool. Part 1 of this 3-part series shows you how to bookmark items, highlight them, add sticky notes, and organize your items into lists. To read a full review of Diigo, go to http://www.cultofpedagogy.com/diigo.
Cult of Pedagogy. Organize your research with Diigo (Part 1 of 3). 13 February 2014. YouTube, https://youtu.be/cmhGmMNY4y8. Accessed January 2017.
What is a scholarly source?
Scholarly sources (also referred to as academic, peer-reviewed, or refereed sources) are written by experts in a particular field and serve to keep others interested in that field up to date on the most recent research, findings, and news. These resources will provide the most substantial information for your research and papers
What is peer-review?
When a source has been peer-reviewed it has undergone the review and scrutiny of a review board of colleagues in the author's field. They evaluate this source as part of the body of research for a particular discipline and make recommendations regarding its publication in a journal, revisions prior to publication, or, in some cases, reject its publication.
Why use scholarly sources?
The authority and credibility evident in scholarly sources will improve the quality of your paper or research project. Use of scholarly sources is an expected attribute of academic course work.
Each resource type below will also have unique criteria that can be applied it to determine if it is scholarly.
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