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Beyoncé's 'Lemonade' and Information Resources: Copyright Issues

Resources need for the Beyoncé’s Lemonade Analysis Project in 11th Grade IB Language and Literature class.

'Formation' Copyright Issues

Beyoncé's music video Formation (a song on the Lemonade album) ran into some copyright issues when Los Angeles-based filmmaker Chris Black publicly stated that the video used clips from a short film he produced without crediting him. It was a documentary about New Orleans bounce music called THAT B.E.A.T. Beyonce’s team stated that the material was properly licensed.


Chris Black told Mashable that he was contacted by a production company a week before the video was released and asked about use of the footage for an undisclosed artist's music video. The filmmakers don’t own the footage, however, as it was commissioned by Nokia and Sundance. However, Chris Black’s issue was that he was not properly credited for his work.


Lemonade Copyright Issues

Filmmaker Matthew Fulks filed a lawsuit against Beyoncé  for copyright infringement:

The estate of Anthony Barre, known as Messy Mya, sued Beyoncé for using a sample of audio in Formation:

Resources on Copyright

Resources on copyright available through inter-library loan.

Videos on Copyright

Videos on the topic of copyright available through inter-library loan.

Freedom of Expression: Resistance & Repression in the Age of Intellectual Property, Media Education Foundation

In 1998, communication professor Kembrew McLeod managed to trademark the phrase "freedom of expression"--An alarming comment on the extent to which intellectual property law has come to restrict creativity and the free expression of ideas. This program, based on McLeod's book, explores the legal and ethical battles being waged in courts, classrooms, museums, film studios, and the Internet over control of the cultural commons in the United States and beyond.

Other People's FootageOther People's Footage: Copyright and Fair Use, Carson Johnson Productions

Explores the three questions crucial to determining fair use exemptions, i.e., "Safe Harbor": To help you tell your story your way, or create new from old ; Is it illustrating a point you have already made? ; Is the connection between the material and the message been clearly presented to the average viewer? Presents illustrative examples from nonfiction, fiction, and experimental films that use pre-existing footage, music and sound from other individuals' creations--without permission or paying fees - commonly designated CC, or Creative Commons use. Through on-camera interviews with noted documentarians, film practioners and legal experts, OPF also reviews relevant court cases and clarifies legal issues regarding trademark, parody, and shooting on location or in a controlled setting. Mention is also made of the Google vs Author's Guild and HathiTrust suit and decision. 

What is an Inter-Library Loan?

What is an Inter-Library Loan?

An Inter-Library loan (ILL) is a service where a patron (user) of one library can borrow books or receive photocopies of documents that are owned by another library. 

How do Inter-Library Loans work?

The patron makes a request with their local library.  This local library identifies the institution that owns the desired item (probably using WorldCat!), places the request, receive the item, makes it available for the patron to pick up at their closest branch, and arranges for the return.

How long can I keep an Inter-Library Loan?

The lending library determines the loan and renewal period for the item.  If you need an ILL item longer, you should contact your local library at least three business days before the due date and ask them to request an extension from the lending library.

Can anything be borrowed with an Inter-Library Loan?

Some libraries have items in reserve or reference collections that cannot be borrowed.  If the item you want is owned by a library that you could visit on your own (for example, at the University of Washington) you should plan for a research visit to look at the resources you need, take notes, and make photocopies.

How long does it take to get my Inter-Library Loan item?

Plan ahead!  If the lending institution agrees to loan the item you want to your local library, it could take three weeks or more before the item actually arrives at your local branch, ready for you to pick up.

How much does an Inter-Library Loan cost?

Good news!  An ILL is a free service provided to library patrons.  The only cost will be if the lending library charges your local library a processing fee for microfilm or copy requests.


See below for links to Inter-Library​ Loan request forms for regional libraries.





West Sound Academy Library | PO Box 807 |16571 Creative Drive NE | Poulsbo, WA 98370 | 360-598-5954 | Contact the librarian