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Chicago Citation Style (17th Edition): Interviews & Personal Communications

This guide will help you cite sources using the Chicago Citation Style 17th edition.

Interviews and Personal Communications (pp. 744-746)

Unpublished interviews and personal communications (conversations, emails, letters, etc.) are generally cited in a footnote only; they are rarely included in the Bibliography. 

General Format 

Full Note:

1. Firstname Lastname, interview by Firstname Lastname, Title of Broadcasting Program, Publisher, date.

Concise Note: 

2. Generally the same as the full note. Can list Interviewee/Email Sender by Surname only.


Lastname Firstname. Title of Broadcasting Program. By Firstname Lastname. Publisher, date.

Example 1

Full Note:

1. Natasha Trethewy, “Dissection and Other Kinds of Love,” interview by Lindsey Alexander, Sycamore Review, no. 24 (Winter/Spring 2012): 35.

Example 2

Full Note:

1. Carrie Rodriguez, interview by Cuz Frost, Acoustic Café, 88.3 WGWG FM, November 20, 2008.

Example 3

Full Note:

1. Constance Conlon, email message to author, April 17, 2000.

Example 4

Full Note:

1. Caroline Braun, reply to "How did the 'cool kids' from your high school turn out?," Quora, August 9, 2016,

Learn More

Formatting of papers in Chicago Style:

Citations and bibliographies in Chicago Style:

The Chicago Manual of Style Online:
Online guides from university libraries:

About Citing Other Sources

This guide is intended to cover only the Notes and Bibliography system for citing sources.

For each type of source in this guide, both the general form and a specific example will be provided.

The following format will be used:

Full Note - use the first time that you cite a source.
Concise Note - use after the first time you cite a source.
Bibliography - use when you are compiling the Bibliography that appears at the end of your paper.

Information on citing and several of the examples were drawn from The Chicago Manual of Style (17th ed.). 

Numbers in parentheses refer to specific sections and pages in the manual.


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